August 18, 2022
6 Best Programming Languages for Blockchain App Development You Should Know About
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Reports show that blockchain technology can decrease costs for infrastructure in financial institutions and banks by around 30%. In addition, it can also greatly support and improve the economy with its vast range of applications in integral sectors, including healthcare, education, and even education. Using blockchain, companies can now better protect their sensitive data, streamline the payment process, increase user trust, boost transparency and provide cost savings with new efficiencies.
In fact, thanks to all these benefits and applications, the blockchain market size are suggested to grow to $20 billion approximately by 2024. And if you are one of those companies who decided to reap the benefits of implementing this trendy technology, you should first understand all it entails. This guide will showcase the best types of programming languages for blockchain and its applications in 2022. So, read on.
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Solidity is an object-oriented programming language used for the development of smart contracts. They automate transactions on Ethereum and other blockchain ledgers. Solidity was launched in 2014 and was developed by Ethereum contributors. The target market of the Solidity blockchain is software developers who want to develop dApps (Decentralized Applications) based on the Ethereum blockchain. Using Solidity language allows developers to easily write code as it combines letters and numbers with variables, functions, classes, string manipulation, as well as many other useful concepts.
Features of Solidity:
- Object-oriented (contract-oriented) language
- Runs on the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM)
- Supports complex user-defined programming, libraries, and inheritance
- Is the primary language for blockchains running platforms
Solidity allows developers to build reliable, transparent, and safe smart contracts. When used effectively, this language helps decrease administrative costs and dependency on third parties and also improves operational efficiency.
Solidity is loved by the blockchain network as it provides lots of open-source documentation showing how apps function with different use cases for visualization, allowing dev teams to start developing their apps based on other software products.
Even though immutability offered by blockchain has many benefits, it may also work against users. For example, it doesn’t allow you to upgrade it or add more features once the smart contract has been finished.
The major disadvantage of Solidity is that it is still a relatively new programming language compared to more old ones. This means it has a limited number of libraries and references that developers can use to learn. So it is hard for beginners to understand the language.
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Java remains one of the most notable Blockchain programming languages, featuring a high usage volume and trustworthiness. Java allows blockchain developers to build unique money-making apps without focusing on their internal infrastructure. Java allows this thanks to the APIs the language offers, which are packed with Java-centric interfaces, packages, and classes.
In addition, programs built on Java can be easily transferred to various platforms since it follows a Write Once, Run Anywhere/WORA functionality. Java blockchain development focuses on universal JVM or Java Virtual Machine but doesn’t focus on system-based infrastructure.
Features of Java:
- Object-oriented programming language
- Easy to learn and understand
- Independent platform
Java seems to be as fast as Python, Ruby, Go, or C, thanks to its modern Garbage Collection (GC) algorithm. They are required for app development that needs significant throughput. Java also offers easy maintenance. Java helps save time and effort since code maintenance is easier due to its static, typed nature.
Java also offers code portability and flexibility since it is well supported within various platforms, including app web and embedded. Java is loved by developers as it has a library for almost anything.
Java doesn’t have lots of cons, but several drawbacks that you must be aware of when choosing the programming language are the following:
- Slower as compared to C++ or Golang
- Always need JVM to run
Python is also one of the most well-known programming languages for blockchain after Java. Python is considered to be an easy language compared to others. Python is a dynamic programming language that is known as open-source and suitable for both beginners and experienced engineers. Python allows developers to build small prototypes to improve their skills.
Using Python, developers are able to choose from a vast range of resources and plugins for efficient blockchain development. This language also supports object-oriented programming, so it is widely used in blockchain development, machine learning (ML), and artificial intelligence (AI).
Features of Python:
- Open-source software and free
- Easy to code
- High-level language
- Offers GUI programming support
- Extensible feature
The Python programming language provides lots of benefits for app development. This programming language for blockchain is quite easy and quick to learn, making the talent pool vast. One of the key reasons for developers to choose Python for blockchain development is that it offers free packages for blockchain, which helps devs to code more easily. Python provides the option of pre-compiling the code, which is highly useful for developers to work in the blockchain space.
- Weak in mobile devices
- Prone to runtime errors
- Inefficient memory consumption
C++ is the best programming language for blockchain development. To be more specific, the first app of blockchain technology, Bitcoin, was first developed in C++. Being a general-purpose programming language, C++ also offers object-oriented features such as polymorphism, data hiding, abstraction, and so on. This makes C++ a popular choice for developing resource-intensive applications.
Modern blockchain engineers use C++ for its vast range of features, such as advanced multithreading and primitive control over memory. These features are used to bind data and methods, allowing them to deal with them together.
Features of C++:
- Open source
- Empowers blockchain app developers to write portable code across various devices
- Its syntax is easy to understand and learn
C++ has many object-oriented features like polymorphism, data hiding, abstraction, etc. They make this programming language a popular choice for coding resource-intensive apps. Some of the reasons why C++ is widely used in blockchain development are high speed, independence, and compatibility with a vast range of operating systems and platforms.
Some cons of C++ in blockchain development are there is no feature of garbage collection, code redundancy, and often too complex code that is challenging to debug.
Features of Golang:
- Static typing
- Vast library and toolset
- Testing capabilities
- Ease of use
- Cross-Platform development
Golang developers are able to accomplish a lot without the need to import or learn complicated secondary libraries. This is because the library that comes with Go is useful without overwhelming developers. In addition, Golang has a simple-to-understand code, which is generally safer than a complicated one. Being a statically typed programming language, dev teams do not need to worry about complex and hard-to-identify issues that come from the large number of variable types that are common with more dynamic languages.
Even though experts see great potential in Golang, this language is still new and requires more time to fully develop in the community. This is why developers more often choose older siblings, which has been shown to be efficient and gain trust.
Based on Stack Overflow surveys, Rust has been the most appealing programming language for blockchain development for five years in a row. Being a low-level statically-typed language, Rust is fast and memory-efficient. It is also a relatively new programming language, although it boasts enormous efficiency, retaining simplicity, reliability, as well as trustworthiness within the blockchain industry.
Rust uses best design and development practices while also offering developers a chance to alter them if they want or need to. In addition, this programming language has no garbage collector, meaning there would be no incident during the runtime due to the language.
Features of Rust:
- Zero cost abstraction
- Move semantics
- Pattern matching
- Memory safety and efficiency
- Efficient C bindings
- Error messages
- Safe memory space allocation
Rust programming language is well-known for its speed and safety for a vast range of tasks. These include developing web applications and distributed services, as well as creating cross-platform apps that employ potent command-line tools.
Since Rust offers strict safe memory allocations, stable, safe coding, and concurrency support, it can let developers achieve goals without having a garbage collector. It also offers several efficient mechanisms for concurrency and parallelism.
Rust does not provide the same level of monkey patchings as Python and Perl offer. It is also considered to be more challenging to code compared to other languages. The talent pool is also smaller since learning this language is harder.
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Blockchain technology is now used in a vast range of applications. As a result, the development community also brings new languages to boost the efficiency of blockchain development. However, the overwhelming number of languages makes it tricky for businesses to choose the right one for them. Knowing the pros and cons of each language can clear the picture and help companies find the best language according to their needs. Book a free call with our experts to discuss your idea!